Product Name: T4 DNA

Product No: ENZ-286

Synonym(s): T4 DNA Ligase Recombinant, DNA ligase 4, EC, DNA ligase IV, Polydeoxyribonucleotide synthase [ATP] 4.

Application: Cloning of restriction fragments.Joining linkers and adapters to blunt-ended DNA.

Description: T4 DNA Ligase catalyzes the formation of a phosphodiester bond between juxtaposed 5' -phosphate and 3' -hydroxyl termini in duplex DNA or RNA. This enzyme will join blunt end and cohesive end termini as well as repair single stranded nicks in duplex DNA, RNA or DNA/RNA hybrids.

Protein Derived From: Escherichia Colilambda lysogen NM 989.

Physical Appearance: Sterile filtered liquid formulation having a concentration of 167,000 U/ml.

Biological Activity: One Weiss unit is equivalent to circa 67 cohesive-end ligation units.. T4 DNA Ligase is strongly inhibited by NaCl or KCl if the concentration is > 200mM.. Ligation of blunt-ended and single-base pair overhang fragments requires about 50 times as much enzyme to achieve the same extent of ligation as cohesive-end DNA fragments. Blunt-end ligation may be enhanced by addition of PEG 4000 (10% w/v final concentration) or hexamine chloride, or by reducing the ATP concentration to 50µM.. To dilute T4 DNA Ligase that will subsequently be stored at -20°C, 50% glycerol storage buffer should be used; to dilute for immediate use, 1x T4 DNA Ligase reaction buffer can be used.

Unit Definition: 1. One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme required to give 50% ligation of Hind III fragments of DNA (5´ DNA termini concentration of 0.12 µM, 300- µg/ml) in a total reaction volume of 20 ul in 30 minutes at 16°C in 1X T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer. 2.One Weiss unit is defined as the amount of enzyme required to catalyze the exchange of 1 nmol of 32P from pyrophosphate to ATP, into Norit-adsorbable material in 20 minutes at 37°C.

Note: Purified free of contaminating endonucleases and exonucleases. Each lot of T4 DNA ligase is also tested in a mock cloning assay, which reveals any damage to the ligated DNA termini. Greater than 99.9% of the termini remain undamaged in this assay.

Endonuclease Activity: Incubation of a 50µl reaction containing 13,000 units of T4 DNA Ligase with 1µg of X174 RF I DNA for 4 hours at 37°C resulted in < 5% conversion to RFII as determined by agarose gel electrophoresis.

Inactivation: T4 DNA Ligase can be inactivated by incubation at 65°C for 10 minutes.

Storage Buffer: 50mM KCl, 10mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4), 0.1mM EDTA, 1mM DTT, 200 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at -20C.

Exonuclease Activity: Incubation of a 50µl reaction containing 13,000 units of T4 DNA Ligase with 1µg of a mixture of single and double-stranded [3H] E. coli DNA (200,000 cpm/ug) for 4 hours at 37°C released < 0.3% of the total radioactivity.

Nuclease Activity: Incubation of 13,000 units for 18 hours in assay buffer (without ATP) with Hind III fragments of gamma DNA yielded a clear and sharp banding pattern on agarose gels.

Special Note(s): Prospec's products are furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY. The product may not be used as drugs, agricultural or pesticidal products, food additives or household chemicals.